Cinema Veterinary Centre

Rabbit Dentistry

Posted on Aug 02, 2017 by deborah  | Tags: rabbit, dental disease, teeth, incisors  | Comments (0)

Dental disease is one of the most common reasons pet rabbits arrive at veterinary clinics. It can produce a wide variety of clinical signs and varies in severity. Although the underlying cause of dental disease can be congenital (from birth) or traumatic, home care is a major influence in the prevention, onset, and treatment of dental disease.


RABBIT DENTISTRY

 

Dental disease is one of the most common reasons pet rabbits arrive at veterinary clinics.  It can produce a wide variety of clinical signs and varies in severity.  Although the underlying cause of dental disease can be congenital (from birth) or traumatic, home care is a major influence in the prevention, onset, and treatment of dental disease.  When rabbits are fed an inappropriate diet, their teeth can overgrow, resulting in malocclusions (imperfect positioning of the teeth when the jaws are closed) and other abnormalities.  The goals of treatment are to return teeth to their normal anatomy and to control inflammation and infection, thereby returning the teeth to normal function. 

 

SIGNS OF ILLNESS

Rabbits are a prey species, so they tend to hide clinical signs of illness until they are remarkably disabled.  The following clinical signs may be associated with dental disease in rabbits:

  1. Changes in eating ability or pattern, including anorexia, decreased food intake, selectiveness of food items, and difficulty holding food in mouth.
  2. Changes in fecal output, size, and appearance.
  3. Excessive drooling or area of wetness or hair loss under the chin.
  4. Nasal discharge.
  5. Matting of hair on front limbs.
  6. Epiphora (excessive watering of the eye) or exophthalmos (abnormal protrusion of the eyeball or eyeballs).
  7. Facial masses or swellings.
  8. Bruxism (tooth grinding)
  9. Uneven positioning of the cheek teeth.


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