Cinema Veterinary Centre


Posted on Oct 11, 2017 by deborah  | Tags: bats, education, disease, deer, otters




  1. What disease in bats is spread by spelunkers?
    1. Rabies
    2. White-Nose Syndrome
    3. Histoplasmosis
    4. Coronavirus


  1. Which disease can cats transmit to marine mammals?
    1. Leukemia
    2. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
    3. Toxoplasmosis
    4. Hookworms


  1. What disease can potentially cause local extinctions in deer?
    1. Transmissable Spongiform Encephalopathy
    2. Hemorrhagic Disease
    3. Lyme Disease
    4. Blue Tongue


What is white-nose syndrome?
The syndrome was named for the white fungus that sometimes develops on the muzzle of the bat, giving the appearance of a white nose. Places where bats hibernate, such as caves or underground mines (known as 'hibernacula'), are ideal environments for this fungus, as it thrives in cold, damp conditions.  Not all bats affected by the disease have white muzzles, and the fungus often grows on the naked wing and tail membrane as well.

How is WNS spread?
Transmission of the fungus associated with WNS is believed to occur in two ways: 1) through bat-to-bat contact and 2) by humans visiting caves and mines. Bat-to-bat contact occurs during pre-hibernation movements, while in hibernacula and in maternal colonies. There is also evidence that the fungus is inadvertently spread by humans. Cavers (spelunkers) may transfer the causative agent on their clothing, shoes and gear between caves.

What is Toxoplasmosis?

Toxoplasmosisis a disease caused by a common parasite called Toxoplasmaand is usually spread by domestic cats.

How is Toxoplasmosis spread?

Toxoplasma eggs are shed in the feces of infected animals.  Rainwater containing Toxoplasma-ridden cat feces—from lawns, parks, backyards, and more—gets carried downstream with water pollution into rivers and streams, and then into oceans. Once the Toxoplasma eggs end up in the ocean, they can infect shellfish—such as clams and mussels—for at least three weeks before being eaten by otters.

What is Transmissable Spongiform Encephalopathy?

Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk (or "wapiti"), moose, and reindeer.

How is Transmissable Spongiform Encephalopathy (Chronic Wasting Disease) spread?

It is not known exactly how CWD is transmitted. The infectious agent may be passed in feces, urine or saliva.